How to handle multipage TIFF files with ASP.NET C# (GDI+ alternative)

How to handle multipage TIFF files with ASP.NET C# (GDI+ alternative)

Table of Contents

If you're into image processing using ASP.NET you're probably well aware of what GDI+ is: in case you're not, here it is in few words: a class-based API to handle graphics and formatted text, interacting with device drivers on behalf of applications. The good thing about GDI+ is... well, not much. As a matter of fact, it kinda sucks in a number of ways: poor performances, bad documentation, lots of memory/compatibility issues and so on.

However, if you had the misfortune of working with it at least once, you probably know that the worst thing about GDI+ is the nasty and opaque error messages it often gives when things go wrong.

I'm talking about this:

A generic error occurred in GDI+.

which basically means: we were too lazy to write some better return code, so just live with that and do your best to figure it out.

When working with GDI+, you will have the pleasure to be struck by this dreadful error in a number of different ways: if you're a seasoned developer, you know what it feels like; if you happen to be a newcomer, you will learn to hate it soon enough. It basically is the Rickroll of error messages, to say the least.

The Issue

However, if you've stumbled upon this post, it probably means that you had the same issue I experienced a couple weeks ago when trying to deal with multi-page TIFF files. I tried to open the file and cycling through the frames/pages using the SelectActiveFrame method, following the official MSDN guidelines in the following way:

This is a pretty standard way to deal with multi-page (or multi-frame) image files: as we can see, it all depends on the GetFrameCount and SelectActiveFrame GDI+ methods: ok, we might say that the second is utterly horrible for the way it works (internal pointers = bad), but at least it does the job... Except it doesn't. Despite the web is full of examples identical to this, I couldn't get it working with a single multi-page TIFF file - and I had a whole lot of them. The issue was with the SelectActiveFrame method, which - after working properly the first frame - was costantly raising a Generic GDI+ Error when dealing with each subsequent frame/page... basically crashing the application on the first "page two".

I honestly still don't know the reason for that... not that I could understand anything from the infamous error message! Luckily enough, instead of getting mad for the rickroll I was receiving, I managed to find a great workaround.

The Fix

Since the problem was evidently in the SelectActiveFrame method, I looked around for a way to replace it with something better. I eventually managed to find out a great alternative hidden in the System.Windows.Media.Imaging namespace, which is included in the PresentationCore.dll library: in order to use that you'll have to add this library to your application References folder (Right-Click > Add Reference > Framework).


As soon as you do that, you can use the powerful TiffBitmapDecoder class, which can be used to split a multi-page TIFF file into a collection of frames:

These frames are of BitmapSource type, which can be converted into Bitmap in the following way:

And that's it! Here's the full code I used to put all the frames/pages of the multi-page TIFF file in a Bitmap list:

In my scenario I had the multi-page TIFF file in a byte array, which pointed me towards using a


: if you need to fetch it from the filesystem, you can use


to convert it into a


, a


instance or a number of alternative ways. It's worth noting that you will also need the BitmapFromSource helper method above.

That's it for now: happy coding!



About Ryan

IT Project Manager, Web Interface Architect and Lead Developer for many high-traffic web sites & services hosted in Italy and Europe. Since 2010 it's also a lead designer for many App and games for Android, iOS and Windows Phone mobile devices for a number of italian companies. Microsoft MVP for Development Technologies since 2018.

View all posts by Ryan

7 Comments on “How to handle multipage TIFF files with ASP.NET C# (GDI+ alternative)”

  1. Pingback: Merge multiple GIF, PNG, JPG, TIFF and PDF files into a single PDF file with ASP.NET C# using the iTextSharp library
  2. Thanks a lot! I got exception on tif-file:
    System.Runtime.InteropServices.COMException (0x88982F60)

    So I just tried to load it via decoder and its works!

                    var tifDecoder = new TiffBitmapDecoder(new Uri(imagePath), BitmapCreateOptions.DelayCreation,
                    // need to load only first page of tif-file
                    return new ImageBrush {ImageSource = tifDecoder.Frames.FirstOrDefault()};
    1. Hi Nina,

      I am very happy with the Ryan’s solution, but I got exactly the same error, apparently only for COLOR Tiffs.
      Did you find a solution?

  3. I get the dreaded “out of memory” error. My printer wants me to embed into a PDF a CMYK tiff image with a transparent background.

    When I export the .tiff using PhotoShop, I can see the transparency and the .tiff appears to be valid. But GDI does not like it (out of memory error).

    Would the above method be a way to circumvent this, or would I still run into the same issue?

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